What formal underpinning framework(s) specifies the skills and competencies architects must develop from their tertiary study through until professional registration?
The National Competency Standard for Architects applies to both university education (specified components) and graduate training leading to the professional examination.
The Registered Architects Rules 2006 specify minimum standards for registration. The Australian National Standard of Competency for Architects is also referenced.
No single framework: (a) Educational Standard covers degree study; (b) IDP Guidelines cover internship requirements; (c) ARE Guidelines cover examination. Practice Analysis conducted every 5-7 years to identify the requisite knowledge, skills, and tasks necessary to practice independently.
No single framework: (a) CACB Conditions and Procedures for the Certification of Educational Qualifications covers degree study; (b) IAP Manual covers internship requirements; (c) ExAC General and Specific Objectives covers examination requirements.
No single framework. Examination syllabus set under s15 of the Architects Act is contained in the Professional Practice Examination General Requirements and Instructions for Candidates (also contains internship requirements).
No single skills framework. (a) HKIA/ARB Accreditation of Architectural Programs: Criteria and Procedures covers degree requirements; (b) HKIA/HKARB Professional Assessment Handbook covers graduate skills development and examination requirements.
Within the framework(s), how are the required architectural skills and competencies expressed for (a) university study, (b) graduate development, and (c) professional examination?
The National Competency Standard for Architects is divided into 4 Units of Competency: Design, Documentation, Practice Management and Project Management. Within this there are 42 performance criteria candidates must be able to meet to the standard expected in professional architectural practice. 23 of these apply to degree study, 7 to graduate experience and all may be considered during professional examination.
Clause 7 of the Registered Architects Rules specifies 16 standards covering six 'practice areas' of project initiation, design, documentation, procurement, contract administration and practice management.
NCARB Education Standard specifies 6 subject areas of study expressed in a total of 160 credit hours. IDP Guidelines specify 4 experience categories incorporating 17 experience areas totaling 3,740 core hours. ARE Guidelines cover 7 divisions: Site Planning & Design, Building Design & Construction Systems, Schematic Design; Structural Systems; Building Systems; and Construction Documents & Services.
CACB specifies 6 required areas of degree study. IAP Manual specifies 3 categories of experience incorporating 15 topic areas. ExAC covers 12 areas: Programming, Site and Environmental Analysis, Cost Management, Coordinating Engineering Systems, Schematic Design, Design Development, Final Project, Bidding and Contract Negotiations, Construction Phase – Office, Construction Phase – Site, Project Management, Code Research.
Examination syllabus covers: Architects Act, Singapore Statute, Planning Act, Building Control Act, Security of Payments Act, Standards/Codes/Regulations, professional conduct and ethics, standard contract terms, pre-contract issues, contract administration, post-contract issues, project management, office management.
"Accreditation Criteria specifies five areas for degree study. Examination syllabus covers: Statutory Controls in Building Works; Building Contracts; Professional Practice; Professional Conduct; Conditions of Agreement & Scale of Charges; Building Structures; Building Services & Environmental Controls; Building Materials & Technology; Site Design; Building Design; and Case Study."